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Fighting and Making Fun of Ambiguity

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BEN-NEW's Network
BENjamin-NEWton Challenging Projects Network
by Ben Huot
Academic Non-Fiction E-Books & More Free Stuff

Informational Website

This is an Old School Informational website

General Book Statistics

  • 2,686 pages of unique text written over 20 years
  • average of 1 essay or poem written every week for over 20 years
  • average of 134 pages written every year for over 20 years

Book Statistics by Period

  • 789 pages written from 1998-2007
  • 1,111 pages written from 2008-2011
  • 786 pages written from 2012-2018

This website adheres to the following

No Money

Entire E-Book Downloads, in Multiple Popular Formats

  • No Cost
  • No Ads
  • No DRM

I get no money for this website from any means, not even to pay for this website. I have put a lot of my own personal money into the website, but have not received any funds from outside sources.

Privacy Respected

  • No Tracking
  • No Ads
  • No Personal Information

No Bugging You

  • No Selling
  • No App
  • No Newsletters

No Subtle Ads/Selling

  • No Memberships
  • No Sponsored Articles
  • No Donations Accepted

Main Section Starts

Written Work or Main Navigation Starts Below

Number of Pages for Books

Color Coding Legend of Book List

  • Purple Book Listing: 900 pages or more
  • Gold Book Listing: 600-899 pages
  • Red Book Listing: 400-599 pages
  • Blue Book Listing: 250-399 pages
  • Green Book Listing: Removed from Online Bookstore

Color Coding Legend of Book List (Weighted List for East Asia)

A lower number of pages in e-books in the East Asia section gets marked the same as a higher number of pages in e-books in the other regional sections. Basically, most of the East Asian books are much shorter than the other regional ones. Part of this is just the length of books available on the Apple iBookstore and the relative cost of them, but also East Asian literature is traditionally very concise, compared to other regional literature.

  • Purple Book Listing (weighted) : 600 pages or more
  • Gold Book Listing (weighted) : 500-599 pages
  • Red Book Listing (weighted) : 300-499 pages
  • Blue Book Listing (weighted) : 200-299 pages
  • Green Book Listing: Removed from Online Bookstore

Minimum Number of Pages Per Book

  • Europe - 500 pages
  • Asia - 450 pages
  • Africa - 450 pages

Geographic List - Recommended Commercial (Apple iBookstore) Serious E-Books

Medieval-Early Modern Europe (21 e-books)

Central and Eastern European Regional and World Powers

  1. Heart of Europe by Peter H. Wilson (800-1800 AD) - 1,024 pages
  2. The Austrians by Gordon Brook-Shepherd - 512 pages
  3. The Hungarians by Jefferson Decker & Paul Lendvai (896-1956 AD) - 584 pages
  4. A Concise History of the Baltic States by Andrejs Plakans - 677 pages
  5. The Albanians by Edwin E. Jacques - 748 pages
  6. Icon and Axe by James Billington (880-1950 AD) - 880 pages
  7. The Czars by James P. Duffy & Vincent L. Ricci (900s-1918 AD) - 723 pages

More Europe and European Regions

  1. Sicily by Sandra Benjamin (1000 BC-2000 AD)- 512 pages
  2. The Jews of Hungary by Raphael Patai (200-2000 AD) - 736 pages
  3. The 35 Doctors of the Church by Rev. Fr. Christopher Rengers O.F.M.Cap. (297-1897 AD) - 776 pages
  4. Istanbul by Bettany Hughes - 856 pages
  5. Slovakia in History by Mikulas Teich, Dusan Kovac & Martin D. Brown (800s - 1993 AD) - 688 pages
  6. The Jews in Christian Europe by Marc Saperstein (315-1791 AD) - 745 pages
  7. Creating Russophobia by Guy Mettan (800-2000 AD) - 492 pages
  8. The Heart Is a Mirror by Tamar Alexander-Frizer - 704 pages
  9. A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: Volume One, Portugal by A. R. Disney (before 1807 AD) - 686 pages
  10. Barcelona by Robert Hughes - 592 pages
  11. The Land Between by Oto Luthar - 562 pages
  12. Scandinavians: In Search of the Soul of the North by Robert Ferguson - 480 pages
  13. A Concise History of Finland by David Kirby - 495 pages
  14. The Kalevala by Elias Lonnrot & Keith Bosley - 736 pages
  15. Cultures of the Jews by David Biale - 1,232 pages
  16. Keepers of the Keys of Heaven by Roger Collins - 576 pages
  17. Why Can the Dead Do Such Great Things? by Robert Bartlett - 808 pages
  18. Vanished Kingdoms by Norman Davies - 848 pages

Late Antiquity-Late Medieval Europe (40 e-books)

Entire Medieval Era Europe

Major Powers and Regions

  1. A History of the Byzantine State and Society by Warren Treadgold (285-1461 AD) - 1,044 pages
  2. A History of Medieval Spain by Joseph F. O'Callaghan (400s-1400's AD) - 736 pages
  3. Manors and Markets by Bas van Bavel (500-1600 AD) - 512 pages
  4. Muslims of Medieval Latin Christendom, c.1050-1614 by Brian A. Catlos - 1,202 pages

More Regions and People Groups

  1. The Conversion of Europe (TEXT ONLY) by Richard Fletcher (300-1386 AD) - 608 pages
  2. The Tempietto del Clitunno near Spoleto by Judson Emerick (568-1500s AD) - 630 pages / Lombardy
  3. The Intellectual History and Rabbinic Culture of Medieval Ashkenaz by Ephraim Kanarfogel - 600 pages
  4. Russian Fairy Tales by Aleksandr Afanas'ev - 672 pages

Dark Ages

Roman/Late Antiquity Europe

  1. Empire, Authority, and Autonomy in Achaemenid Anatolia by Elspeth R. M. Dusinberre (550-330 BC) - 599 pages
  2. The Hellenistic West by Jonathan R. W. Prag & Josephine Crawley Quinn - 785 pages
  3. The Roman West, AD 200-500 by Simon Esmonde Cleary - 899 pages
  4. Barbarian Migrations and the Roman West, 376-568 by Guy Halsall - 898 pages

Early Medieval Europe

  1. The Inheritance of Rome by Chris Wickham (400-1000 AD) - 688 pages
  2. Theoderic and the Roman Imperial Restoration by Jonathan J. Arnold (489-526 AD) 627 pages
  3. The Carolingian World by Marios Costambeys, Matthew Innes & Simon MacLean (580-876 AD) - 813 pages
  4. The Development of Southern French and Catalan Society, 718-1050 by Archibald R. Lewis - 490 pages
  5. The Making of the Monastic Community of Fulda, c.744 - c.900 by Janneke Raaijmakers - 665 pages
  6. Reframing the Feudal Revolution by Charles West (800-1100 AD) - 600 pages
  7. Charlemagne by Johannes Fried (814 AD) - 630 pages
  8. The Birth of the West by Paul Collins (900s AD) - 496 pages


High Medieval Europe

  1. Central Europe in the High Middle Ages by Nora Berend, Przemyslaw Urbanczyk & Przemyslaw Wiszewski (900-1300 AD) - 884 pages
  2. The Dream of the Poem: Hebrew Poetry from Muslim and Christian Spain, 950-1492 by Peter Cole - 576 pages
  3. Streams of Gold, Rivers of Blood by Anthony Kaldellis (955 AD) - 464 pages
  4. Michael Psellos by Stratis Papaioannou (1018 AD) - 667 pages
  5. The Alexiad by Anna Komnene & E. R. A. Sewter (1081-1118 AD) - 624 pages
  6. Bernard of Clairvaux by Daniel Griggs (1113 AD) - 512 pages
  7. Siena, the History of a Medieval Commune by Ferdinand Schevill (1115-1555 AD) - 503 pages
  8. The Complete Story of the Grail by Chretien de Troyes & Nigel Bryant (1130-1191 AD) - 634 pages
  9. Frederick Barbarossa by John Freed (1152 AD) - 704 pages
  10. The Cistercian Fathers and Their Monastic Theology by Thomas Merton & Patrick F. O'Connell (1190-1153 AD) - 640 pages

Late Medieval Europe

  1. The Mirroure of the Worlde by Robert R. Raymo & Elaine E. Whitaker (1200s AD) - 664 pages
  2. The Feast of Corpus Christi by Barbara R. Walters, Vincent Corrigan & Peter T. Ricketts (1215-1246 AD) - 562 pages
  3. Commentary on the Sentences by Wayne Hellmann (1221-1274 AD) - 560 pages
  4. Selected Writings by Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274 AD) - 880 pages
  5. The Cambridge Companion to the Summa Theologiae by Philip McCosker & Denys Turner (1225-1274 AD) - 643 pages
  6. The Shaping of German Identity by Len Scales (1245-1414 AD) - 1,127 pages
  7. The Life and Revelations of Saint Gertrude the Great by St. Gertrude the Great (1256-1302 AD) - 590 pages
  8. The Golden Legend: All Volumes by Jacobus de Voragine & Wyatt North (1260 AD) - 1,339 pages / Genoa
  9. Byzantine Art and Diplomacy in an Age of Decline by Cecily J. Hilsdale (1261-1453 AD) - 704 pages
  10. The Cambridge Companion to Dante: Second Edition by Rachel Jacoff (1265-1321 AD) - 607 pages
  11. Kristin Lavransdatter by Sigrid Undset & Tiina Nunnally (1300s AD) - 1,168 pages
  12. The Italian Renaissance State by Andrea Gamberini & Isabella Lazzarini (1300s-1500s AD) - 1,093 pages
  13. Civic Ceremony and Religion in Medieval Bruges c.1300-1520 by Andrew Brown - 667 pages
  14. Family and Gender in Renaissance Italy, 1300-1600 by Thomas Kuehn - 710 pages
  15. Petrarch by Mark Musa (1304-1374 AD) Arezzo/Tuscany - 800 pages
  16. The Decameron by Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375 AD) - 1,236 pages

Early Modern Europe/Empires (97 e-books)

Spanish Habsburgs (14 e-books)

Old World Empire

  1. Holy War by Nigel Cliff (1498 AD) - 560 pages
  2. Spain by Robert Goodwin (1519-1682 AD) - 608 pages
  3. Philip II by William Thomas Walsh (1527-1598 AD) - 770 pages
  4. The Jesuits by John W. O'Malley, S. J., Gauvin Alexander Bailey, Steven J. Harris & T. Frank Kennedy, S. J. (1540-1773 AD) - 872 pages
  5. Rereading the Black Legend Margaret R. Greer - 486 pages


Eastern Spain/Aragon
  1. The Borgias by G. J. Meyer - 512 pages
  2. Tirant Lo Blanc by Joanot Martorell (1490 AD) - 656 pages
Western Spain/Castile
  1. Isabella by Kirstin Downey (1451-1504 AD) - 560 pages
  2. The Life of Saint Teresa of Avila by Herself (1515-1582 AD) - 797 pages

Spanish Italy

Spanish Northern Italy
  1. Orlando Furioso (Volume I, Cantos 1-24) and Orlando Furioso (Volume II, Cantos 25-46) by Ludovico Ariosto (1516 AD) - 620 + 604 = 1,224 pages / Ferrara
  2. The Betrothed (I Promessi Sposi) by Alessandro Manzoni (1628 AD) - 1,018 pages / Milan
Spanish Southern Italy
  1. Caravaggio: A Life Sacred and Profane by Andrew Graham-Dixon (1571-1610 AD) - 544 pages
  2. The Tale of Tales by Giambattista Basile & Nancy L. Canepa (1600s AD) Naples - 528 pages
  3. New Science by Giambattista Vico & David Marsh (1668-1744 AD) Naples - 560 pages

Austrian Habsburgs (21 e-books)

Early Modern Austrian Habsburgs

  1. The Habsburg Monarchy, 1618-1815 by Charles W. Ingrao - 494 pages
  2. For God and Kaiser by Richard Bassett (1619-1918 AD) - 1,058 pages
  3. A History of the Oratorio by Howard E. Smither - 507 pages
  4. The Cambridge Companion to Haydn by Caryl Clark (1732-1809 AD) - 573 pages
  5. Mozart: A Life in Letters by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Cliff Eisen & Stewart Spencer (1756-1791 AD) - 688 pages
  6. Mozart by Maynard Solomon (1756-1791 AD) - 656 pages

Habsburg/Reformation Holy Roman Empire

  1. German Histories in the Age of Reformations, 1400-1650 by Thomas A. Brady - 496 pages
  2. Balthasar Hubmaier by H. Wayne Pipkin & John Howard Yoder (1480-1528 AD) - 612 pages
  3. Luther and His Times by Ernest G Schwiebert (1483-1546 AD) - 892 pages
  4. Thomas Wyatt by Susan Brigden (1503-1542 AD) - 728 pages
  5. The Writings of Pilgram Marpeck by Walter Klaassen & William Klassen (1556 AD) - 612 pages
  6. Ferdinand II, Counter-Reformation Emperor, 1578–1637 by Robert Bireley - 637 pages

Habsburg/Early Modern Holy Roman Empire

  1. Europe's Tragedy by Peter H. Wilson (1618-1648 AD) - 1,024 pages
  2. The Thirty Years War by C.V. Wedgewood & Anthony Grafton (1618-1648 AD) - 536 pages
  3. Delphi Complete Works of Friedrich Schiller (Illustrated) by Friedrich von Schiller (1618-1648 AD) - 2,312 pages
  4. Leibniz by Maria Rosa Antognazza (1646-1716 AD) - 1,088 pages
  5. Institutes of Divine Jurisprudence, with Selections from Foundations of the Law of Nature and Nations by Christian Thomasius (1655-1728 AD) - 690 pages
  6. A Methodical System of Universal Law by Johann Gottlieb Heineccius (1681-1748 AD) - 711 pages
  7. Bach by John Eliot Gardiner (1685-1750 AD) - 672 pages

Holy Roman Empire/Lutheranism

  1. Reformation Theology by Matthew Barrett - 784 pages
  2. Historical Introductions to the Lutheran Confessions by Gerhard Bente - 632 pages
  3. Concordia: The Lutheran Confessions by Concordia Publishing House (1580 AD) - 1,056 pages
  4. Christian Dogmatics by John Theodore Mueller - 665 pages
  5. The Christian Faith by Friedrich Schleiermacher - 800 pages
  6. Lutheran Service Book by LCMS - 1,024 pages

Empires within Eastern Europe and Western Asia (14 e-books)

Russian Empire

General Russian Empire
  1. Empires Apart: A History of American and Russian Imperialism by Brian Landers - 576 pages
  2. The Law of God by Seraphim Slobodskoi - 651 pages
  3. The Romanovs by Ian Grey - 750 pages
  4. Strategy and Power in Russia 1600-1914 by William C. Fuller - 576 pages
Early Modern Russian Tzars
  1. Ivan the Terrible by Robert Payne & Nikita Romanoff (1558-1584 AD)- 520 pages
  2. Peter the Great: His Life and World by Robert K. Massie (1689-1725 AD) - 928 pages
  3. Catherine the Great: Portrait of a Woman by Robert K. Massie (1729-1796 AD) - 672 pages

Southeastern Europe and Asia Minor/Balkans

Early Modern Southeastern European/Balkan Empires
  1. A History of Ottoman Poetry Volume I, Volume II, and Volume III, Volume IV by E.J.W. Gibb (1300-1850 AD) - 472 + 405 + 400 + 376 pages = 1,653 pages
  2. Sabbatai Sevi by Gershom Scholem & R. J. Zwi Werblowsky (1626-1676 AD) - 1,096 pages
  3. Empire of Difference by Karen Barkey - 695 pages
  4. A History of the Ottoman Empire by Douglas A. Howard - 676 pages
Early Modern Christians in Southeastern Europe
  1. Greece, the Hidden Centuries : Turkish Rule from the Fall of Constantinople to Greek by Brewer David - 509 pages
  2. Salonica, City of Ghosts by Mark Mazower (1430-1950 AD) - 544 pages
  3. Constantinople by Philip Mansel (1453-1924 AD) - 544 pages
  4. Scanderbeide by Margherita Sarrocchi (1560-1617 AD) - 490 pages

Cross-National Nations (9 e-books)

Spanish Language

  1. The Penguin Book Of Spanish Verse by Penguin Books Ltd - 640 pages
  2. A Political History of Spanish by Jose del Valle (1200s-2000 AD) - 774 pages
  3. A History of Theatre in Spain by Maria M. Delgado & David T. Gies - 877 pages

Baroque Iberia

  1. Between Court and Confessional by Kimberly Lynn (1500s-1600s AD) - 729 pages
  2. The Spanish Atlantic World in the Eighteenth Century by Allan J. Kuethe & Kenneth J. Andrien (1713-1796 AD) - 734 pages
  3. This Gulf of Fire by Mark Molesky (1755 AD) - 512 pages

Sweden/Baltic Sea

  1. Reforming the North by James L. Larson (1520-1545 AD) - 550 pages
  2. Modernisation and Tradition by Kerstin Sundberg (1500-1900 AD) - 621 pages
  3. Admiral Sir John Norris by David Denis Aldridge (1715-1721 AD) - 646 pages

Italian City States (11 e-books)

Entire Italian Peninsula

  1. The Lives of the Artists by Giorgio Vasari, Julia Conway Bondanella & Peter Bondanella (1511-1574 AD) - 624 pages
  2. Opera and Sovereignty by Martha Feldman (1700s AD) - 573 pages

Florence, Italy

  1. Florence in the Forgotten Centuries, 1527-1800 by Eric Cochrane - 608 pages
  2. Machiavelli by Joseph Markulin (1469-1527 AD) - 720 pages
  3. Caravaggio: A Life Sacred and Profane by Andrew Graham-Dixon (1571-1610 AD) - 544 pages

Venice, Italy

  1. Political Economies of Empire in the Early Modern Mediterranean by Maria Fusaro (1450-1700 AD) - 792 pages
  2. Titian by Sheila Hale (-1576 AD) Venice - 864 pages
  3. The Cambridge Companion to Monteverdi by John Whenham & Richard Wistreich (1567-1643 AD) - 612 pages
  4. Casanova by Laurence Bergreen (1725 AD) - 544 pages

Rome, Italy

  1. On Temporal and Spiritual Authority by Robert Bellarmine (1542-1621 AD) - 520 pages
  2. The Catechism of the Council of Trent by The Council of Trent (1545-1563 AD) - 720 pages
  3. The Opera of Bartolomeo Scappi (1570) by Terence Scully - 800 pages
  4. The Eye of the Lynx by David Freedberg (1600s AD) - 525 pages
  5. Galileo by John L. Heilbron (1564-1642 AD) - 528 pages

Low Countries - Belgium and Netherlands (15 e-books)

Reformation Low Countries - Belgium and Netherlands

  1. The Complete Writings of Menno Simons by J. C. Wenger & Leonard Verduin (1496-1561 AD) - 1,096 pages
  2. The Writings of Dirk Philips by William E. Keeney, Alvin J. Beachy & Cornelius J. Dyck (1504-1568 AD) - 704 pages
  3. Religious War and Religious Peace in Early Modern Europe by Wayne P. Te Brake (1529-1651 AD) - 759 pages
  4. Britain and the Dutch Revolt, 1560–1700 by Hugh Dunthorne AD - 502 pages

Early Modern Low Countries - Belgium and Netherlands

  1. Commentary on the Law of Prize and Booty by Hugo Grotius (1603 AD) - 660 pages
  2. Spinoza by Steven Nadler (1632-1677 AD) - 717 pages
  3. A Philosophical Commentary on These Words of the Gospel by Pierre Bayle (1647-1706 AD) - 664 pages
  4. The Merchant Republics by Mary Lindemann (1647-1790 AD) - 696 pages
  5. The Law of Nations by Emer de Vattel (1714-1767 AD) - 896 pages

18th Century Great Britain and Netherlands

  1. 1688 by Steve Pincus - 704 pages
  2. Handel by Donald Burrows (1685-1759 AD) - 656 pages
  3. Three Victories and a Defeat by Brendan Simms - 800 pages

Low Countries - Belgium and Netherlands/Protestants

  1. Martyrs Mirror by Thieleman J. Van Braght (0-1659 AD) - 1,160 pages
  2. Reformed Dogmatics by Herman Bavinck - 864 pages
  3. Living for God's Glory by Joel. R. Beeke - 631 pages
  4. Take Our Moments and Our Days Volume 1,2 by Arthur Paul Boers, Barbara Nelson Gingerich & Eleanor Kreider - 432 + 912 = 1,344 pages
  5. The Worship Sourcebook, Second Edition by Faith Alive Christian Resources - 848 pages
  6. Seeking God's Face by Philip F. Reinders - 832 pages

Central/Eastern and Southern European Regions (13 e-books)

Early Modern Switzerland

  1. The Cambridge Companion to John Calvin by Donald K. McKim (1509-1564 AD) - 631 pages
  2. Sources of Swiss Anabaptism by Leland Harder (1525 AD) - 818 pages
  3. The Institutes of Christian Religion by John Calvin (1536 AD) - 976 pages
  4. Treatise On the Love of God by St. Francis de Sales (1567-1622 AD) - 608 pages
  5. The Principles of Natural and Politic Law by Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui (1694-1748 AD) - 606 pages

Early Modern Prussia

  1. Iron Kingdom by Christopher Clark (1600-1947 AD) - 816 pages
  2. The Pity of War by Miranda Seymour (1613-1945 AD) - 528 pages
  3. Frederick the Great by Dennis Showalter (1712-1786 AD) - 620 pages
  4. Kant: A Biography by Manfred Kuehn (1724-1804 AD) - 1,040 pages
  5. Enlightenment Volume 1 by Peter Gay - 560 pages

Early Modern Central/Eastern Europe

  1. The Radical Reformation, 3rd ed. by George Huntston Williams (1500s AD) - 1,516 pages
  2. Religious Refugees in the Early Modern World by Nicholas Terpstra (1500s-1750s AD) - 570 pages
  3. Before Boas by Han F. Vermeulen (1730s-1780s AD) - 760 pages

Main Section Stops

Written Work or Main Navigation Stops Here

Website Card Data

  • Benjamin-Newton Challenging Projects
  • My Umbrella Website
  • Links to My Other Websites by Topic and/or Media Type
  • Short Writings, Photos, Audio, Military, Schizophrenia, Recommended Books, Disaster Survival and Computer Help
  • © Ben Huot 1998
Fighting and Making Fun of Ambiguity


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Detailed Notes

Quick Help Remarks


All Books are Only in E-Book formats (digital files)

How to Download Files?

On an iPad or iPhone, for PDFs, Double Tap on the Document and choose Open in iBooks, in Upper Right Hand corner. For JPEG or PNG images, on an iPad or iPhone, Touch and Hold for a Second and choose to Save from Pop-up Menu.

On a Desktop or Laptop Computer, the PDFs will Download Automatically after Left Clicking on Link in Web Page, and Right Click on Link in Web Page and choose Save As to save JPEGs or PNGs for Direct Links to Bare Images. On a Desktop or Laptop Computer, for JPEGs or PNGs In a Webpage, Right Click on Image and Choose Save As.

Can't Find Downloaded Files?

Look in Your Downloads or (My) Documents Folder on Desktop or Laptop Computer and iBooks (for PDFs) or Photos (for Images) on an iPad or iPhone.

Want to Ever See this Website Again?

  • Always Reload or Refresh each of my pages, when Returning to any part, of any of my websites, after your first visit, as I Update my websites very frequently (often multiple times a day).
  • Unfortunately, web browsers save the version of the webpage, as it was, when you first visited it, and shows this this Old version to you, upon every following visit, until you hit Reload or Refresh.
  • Also remember, to Bookmark my website, right now, as you might find it hard, to Find my website again.
  • Unfortunately, computers in general and Search engines, in particular, are not as capable, as they seem, which means that my website cannot be reliably found, if you are depending on Google or Bing.
  • No one can get their website reliably featured on Google, for appropriate search terms, no matter how much they pay, or how big a brand they have.
  • Google constantly changes and will never release the criteria they use, to determine who get featured first, on the search results, for a given set of keywords.
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Website Compatibility

Software Requirements

My regular websites work well on any Windows, Mac, or Linux laptop or desktop running Chrome or Firefox, a Chromebook, or any Apple device (iPad, iPhone, or iPod Touch) that is running iOS 11 or later. If this website does not work on your browser or device, try the simpler/mobile version.

Javascript Settings

My websites work fine without Javascript or plugins enabled, or with ads or scripts blocked (my websites have no third party content or ads nor do they make use of any plugins). To get a simpler version of most of my websites, try "Disabling Javascript". On my website, you won't be abe to adjust the website appearance or have it read aloud, with Javascript disabled.


Disabling Javascript will both increase the security of your computer or device and get rid of annoying things like malware, ads, pop-ups, and comment sections. It will also make your computer or device browser run much faster and use many times less of your monthly quota, from your cell phone plan. On the other hand, with many popular sites, you won't be able to use them at all, with this setting, so change it back afterwards.

Downloads Situation

I just found out yesterday that most my downloads (which I have on a different server/service) have been unavailable for 1-3 months, due to a change in credit cards. Although I only owed $2, they decided to cut off my service and not tell me.

The service is completely restored, but I am moving things over as fast as possible to the main site. Things may not be as fast as otherwise, but things will at least be accessible.

The problem with the other service is that they billed monthly, so I was not able to make sure everything was right and pay the bill ahead of time for a year (like I do with all my other services and websites). I will never again depend on a monthly billed service, so this problem should never happen again.

Sorry for the inconvenience. I know how annoying this is, when I run into it on other websites. The lesson is to depend upon as few people as possible, because everyone seems to screw up the most simple things, no matter how reputable the brand is.

Everything is currently available now, but I am being proactive. Everything is finally moved over to my server hosting and I do not depend on or use this service for anything anymore. This will make downloading things slower in places like China, India, South America, and Africa, but this is still better than not being available at all.

Security is a Serious Issue

Celebrating No Ads, for at Least the Last 10 years. I only had ads, for the first few years, when I could not afford to pay for a website, when I started out on Tripod, in 1998. I currently use about 10 ad blockers at once, for my web browser, on both my iPad and iMac. None of these ad blockers interferes with my website display or functionality in any way. I encourage you to use them.

I recommend you use ad blockers and do not feel sorry about it at all, as the online advertisers have forced our hand. You cannot even see content, on many websites, because of the ads. Now there is even malware, that comes with ads, even on legitimate websites, like

I use no cookies, trackers, ads, analytics, or collect any personal information from users, for any reason. None of my downloads have spyware or adware in any of them. I use a Mac and an iPad, so there should be no viruses or worms in them, either.

At one time, I offered people to buy print versions of my books, at cost, but I have removed this capability, because of no interest. There are currently no things to buy from my website. I am not trying to make any money off my website, or even to pay for its creation and hosting costs. I never thought I would and I never plan to, in the future.

I only use a couple different light utility functions in Javascript, like for loading the CSS file and search. If you ever experience ads on my website or anything annoying like that, they are not from me. If you use a free wifi from Comcast, they unethically may insert ads into sites, that don't have ads, like mine. I will be putting in a major upgrade, that requires a huge amount of work, to block anyone's ability to do that, verry soon.

Do not trust anything you see online. Expect everything to be a scam, unless proven otherwise and give out as little information as possible, no matter what the reason. Anything can be faked. Just because something looks legitimate doesn't mean it is. The future of malware is likely ransomware. Randsomeware is when someone takes control of your data or device and make you pay money to unlock it.

Remember, there will be a more and more scams and security problems, over time. You will need to do things, to increase your security, over the years, to fix new threats. It is very easy to hack computers and very difficult to secure them. Computer security could be much better, if even basic industry standard security practices were followed. The problem is that people are too cheap.

When your information gets stolen, it is usually not from you, but from someone else, who has your information. If you were a hacker, would you target one person's individual computer, that has, at the most, one person's information, when you can attack a big store like Target and get millions of people's private information, at once?

Do whatever you need to protect yourself. Never buy any software from anywhere, except from a curated app store like Apple's. Avoid free software, as many open source software packages now even include malware in them, as well. Uninstall Flash and Java and never install any plugins or any other software needed, to see a website, for any reason.

Avoid accessing websites from within app store apps, not preinstalled by your OS. Avoid giving personal information to social networks or free services, as the never actually delete anything and have poor security. Do not give apps access to any personal information, including contacts or photos.


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Network Overview

Network Introduction

Confused about the world today? Want a simple, direct, and clear explanation? Read my books. My writing is like poetry meets encyclopedia. You will find nothing like this online or in print. All of this writing is available at no cost. I have a steady income and a lot of time, as well as an unusual perspective. This website network and these books are my way of trying to make the world a better place.

There are a lot of other (non-fiction) things I write about, as well, like what it is like to have Schizophrenia, secrets to my website design, and a completely different political and religious point of view. My point of view is partially based on my experience enlisted in the military and later living with Schizophrenia for over 15 years. It is also heavily influenced by my decades long (and continuing) study of world religions and world history (after ancient history and before modern times).

I follow my theories with practical advice and do what I recommend others do. You can make the world a better place. Just remember to think for yourself (this is what studying philosophy should teach you). Learn from my writings and experience, but come to your own conclusions. I am likely wrong on a lot of things, as are even the greatest thinkers, throughout history. I write what I believe, but you need to make your own choices, based on your own experience and your own understanding of yourself and the world.

I teach the exact opposite of the medieval philosophy of Thomas Aquinas. Instead of understanding God, to the limits of reason and then using faith, to reach beyond that, I believe that faith is the primary means with which we should understand God and the use of reason, to explain the Bible and God, is a secondary and subordinate pursuit. It is dangerous, to base your faith on reason, because someone could then change your mind, just because they are better at arguing.

One of the things people often assume is that arguments are all based on reason, and to understand how I explain things, it is important to understand that I am not trying to be rational. I do not believe that you will change your views, even if I was able to form a superior reasonable argument for it. The basis for my faith is not rational either. If you think pursuing truth without using reason is nonsense, then you probably won't agree with what I have to say. Yes, I actually believe that and yes I do see some humor in that as well.

Start reading here today.

Opening Thoughts

Exactly the same but completely different. Slightly worse, but many times better.

For those things we know are true, but we thought were impossible to put into words. Always be kind and work hard. Learn as much as possible and be creative in solving problems. Over all, in making important and morally significant decisions, think long term. The best you can do in life is follow your conscience.

On Certainty in Life

I am sure about everything everyone else doesn't understand, but I am confused about everything everyone else is certain of. Everything you have seen and heard is wrong. What we were taught was true in school is irrelevant. The things we think are really important are very unimportant and the things that we think aren't very important are the most important of all.

About Me

I am a former soldier (army) and have been living independently with Schizophrenia for over 15 years. I live in Eugene, Oregon (United States) I have spent much of this time writing a number of books on various non-fiction topics based on my experiences, what I have read, and the insights I have had over the last (almost) 20 years.

I have also designed these Benjamin-Newton websites from scratch, with all my own code and graphics and updated them daily for that entire time, as well. I code directly to CSS in a text editor and avoid anything that slows the site down or causes unnecessary security problems.

Want to Think Critically?

I am a Christian cynic and pessimist in that I believe in everything in the Bible, but nothing else except Murphy's Law (anything that can go wrong will). I consider this positive, because when anything goes well in any aspect of my working with other people doing their jobs, I am pleasantly surprised.

Explore my website and learn to think critically about everything (history, religion, psychology, ethics, design, technology, and disaster survival). Be sure to be critical of everything you read, including my ideas.

Beyond Reason and Facts

When making decisions, expand your worldview and use your heart and soul, as well as your intellect. Think critically, but do not limit yourself to just the rational and the empirical. Use all the other methods of discovery, that come from the major world belief systems.

Decide what is true based on: your conscience (as determined by your faith, scripture, tradition, prophecy, paradox, intuition, history, and feelings) what you have experienced (in your relationship with God by worship, ritual, prayer, mystical experience, visions, and divine healing), and the practice of your faith (in the way you express your loyalty and respect for God by a code of conduct/ethics, fasting, living a life of poverty, taking vows of silence and/or chastity). This will lead you to ask tougher questions and make more difficult decisions, with your now bigger understanding of reality, but it will also bring greater peace and purpose to your life.

Philosophy Inspired Solutions to World Problems

Some people work too hard and need to rest, while others are lazy and need to work harder. How do you determine which problem is yours? It is usually the opposite of what you think. Ask people who know you well, and be prepared for a surprise response.

The following are examples, of the kinds of practical things you can do, to reduce suffering in the world, in things you have control over.

Economically Based
  • Make Ethical Decisions in the Products We Buy
  • Find Creative Way to Reduce Our Expenses
  • Get Supplies and Training to Survive Disasters
  • Promote Internet Usage to Empower Individuals
  • Give Away Free Content to Support Alternate Opinions
Socially Based
  • Network to Expand Our Circles of Influence
  • Form Relationships with Our Neighbors
  • Encourage Others
  • Stay Positive and Increase Our Positive Influences
  • Avoid Mainstream Assumptions
Spiritually Based
  • Pray for God's Will to Be Done
  • Improve a Specific Animal's Life
  • Increase Our Understanding of the World
  • Raise Our Kids to Be Good Citizens
  • Take Time to Relax

Philosophical Influences

  • Apostle Paul
  • Apostle John
  • Prophet Jeremiah
  • Prophet Nehemiah
  • Prophet Elijah
  • King Solomon
  • King David
  • Chuang Tzu
  • Hsun Tzu
  • Bodhidharma
  • Dogen
  • Han Shan
  • Li Po
  • Tu Fu
Other Asian and African
  • Al-Ghazzali
  • Hafiz
  • Kabir
  • Kebra Nagast
  • Archbishop Desmund Tutu
  • Kierkegaard
  • Camus
  • Viktor Frankl
  • Tolstoy
  • Dostoevsky
  • Nietzsche
Renaissance and Enlightenment
  • Meister Eckhart
  • Erasmus
  • Montaigne
  • Berkeley
  • Locke
  • Spinoza

Why am I so Critical of the Church and Christians?

You cannot change other people's minds, but you can change your own mind. We can defend our theology and dismiss unbelievers as being intellectually lazy and/or in rebellion against God, and likely be entirely correct. The things is if we choose to do anything necessary, to bring about faith in Christ, we can re-examine our cultural interpretations of Scripture and its application to our lives and society.

Not only can we make Christianity more appealing, to those who are seeking God, but at the same time need not compromise any core theology, related to salvation, in order to do so. If we change the way we approach politics and society, without changing our core beliefs, is this not a success in evangelism?

Society is now going through a major technology revolution that is as profound and far reaching as the agricultural revolution was. Every institution and industry has, is now, or will be transformed into a different form, if it even survives. The Church will survive and thrive, but it would help grow the Church, if we can find things that we can change, while still holding to our Biblical faith.

The Bible is definitely not wrong and our theology has been preserved, at great cost in the major divisions of the church, but people can and are often wrong. There are also many ways to implement theology and express our faith and when we have such major cultural and technological changes, it is appropriate to adjust things like liturgy and political stances.

What we have today works for many people and we will have to fight very hard, for maybe only a small increase in numbers, but isn't the salvation of any one person worth changing how we think about non-critical aspects of theology and the Bible?

The many things that seem so odd to modern day people about the society in the Bible are almost all culturally adapted expressions of the same theology that we hold today. Being culturally relevant was important enough for God to build the entire Old Testament around the ancient Middle Eastern ways of thinking and social conventions, so it must still be equally important today.


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